Describing Buildings

Walk-through guides for various game systems.

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Niamh
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Describing Buildings

Post by Niamh »

From the helpfile HELP VISUAL BUILDINGS by request, as a guide for our visually impaired players:

ARCHITECTURAL STYLES
* Tudor - Siding comprised of brick laid in an elaborate pattern on the first story; stucco or wood with decorative trim on the second story. Weatherboard with shingled walls with stucco and half-timbered gables. Steep roof. Comprised of stone. Prominent cross gables. Casement windows. Windows grouped in rows of three or more. Decorative half-timbering.

* Cape Cod - Siding of traditional wood shingles, while modern Cape Cod features stone, stucco, brick. Steep roof, shallow overhang. Two windows on each side of the entry door. Multi-pane windows. Dormer on each side of the chimney.

* Georgian - Siding of wood with clapboard or shingle cladding, occasionally decorated with wooden quoins, made of stone, stucco, or brick. Hip roof. Dormer, double hung sash, and small pane windows. Symmetrical, entrances often fitted with pediments, arched tops, or ogee caps.

* Greek Revival - Siding often painted white to resemble marble temples in Greece, made of stucco or wood. Low pitched or hip roof, gables with pediments, cornice with wide band of trim. Tall, double-hung windows. Simple moldings, fluted or smooth columns, pilasters.

* Colonial - Brick or wood siding. Medium-pitched roof. Two windows on each side of the entry door, five windows on the second floor. One window above the entry door.

* Gothic Revival - Siding in middle class homes is wood, siding in wealthy homes is stone or brick. Steep, complex roof. Elaborate verge board trim along roof edge.

* Italianate - Siding in middle class homes is wood, siding in wealthy homes is stone or brick. Flat or hip roof with corniced eaves. Fanciful bay windows with inset wooden panels. Two over two double-hung windows. Curved or molded window caps. Corinthian-columned porches. Square tower or cupola.

* Stick-Eastlake - Wood siding. Small vertical, horizontal, or diagonal planks placed on top of the exterior walls. Steep, gabled roof. Trusses or decorative shingles on gable ends. Complex, intersecting roof planes. Jerkinhead dormers, decorative windows. Wrap-around porch. Bold paneled brick chimneys. Overhanging second story porches. Elaborately decorated and very fanciful.

* Second Empire - Wooden clapboard siding. Mansard roof, narrow eaves with brackets below. Round cornices at the top and base of the roof. Tall, narrow windows. Dormer windows that project from the roof (eyebrow dormers). Bay windows. Tower. Wrought-iron galleries or "crests" above the upper cornice. Balconies. Small entry porch.

* Queen Anne - Stone, brick, or wood siding. Decorative trim. Carvings and/or inset panels of stone or tera cotta. Roof finials. Patterned shingles. Angled bay windows. Cantilevered upper stories. Elaborate exterior decoration with turrets, towers, or cupolas. Stained glass decor. Wrap-around porch, balconies, and cresting. Detached gazebos.

* Shingle-Style - Natural or single-colored shingles for siding. Lacking in elaborate ornamentation. Complex roof forms with asymmetric gables. Large windows. High, vaulted ceilings.

* Neo-Classical - Brick, stucco, wood, or vinyl siding. Simple, side-gabled roof. Triangular pediment above entrance. Dentil molding or balustrades along roof line. Elaborate pediments. Balanced array of windows. Symmetrical. Prominent portico. Full-width porch with columns.

* Craftsman - Wood or stone siding. Low-pitched roof. Wide overhanging eaves. Decorative beams or braces under gables. Dormer windows. Multi-paned top sashes and single-paned bottom sashes. Stained glass. Large amount of interior woodwork. Exposed roof rafters. Full or partial porches framed by tapered square columns.

* Cottage Style - Brick, stone, stucco, or other natural materials for siding. Steep overhanging roof with cross gables. Casement windows. Window boxes. Small panes. Shutters.

* French Colonial - Brick siding. Steep and high hip roof. Tall second-story windows. Double French windows with shutters. Balanced and symmetrical proportions. Porches with substantial balustrades. Arched doorways.

* Mediterranean Style - Stucco and adobe siding. Low pitched, tiled roof, often red. Large windows. U-shaped floor plan oriented around a central courtyard or fountain, which promotes cooling and cross-ventilation. Grillwork.

* Mid-Century Modern - Stone, glass, or brick siding. Flat gabled roof. Oversized windows, transom windows, sliding glass doors. Open space. Double-wide entry doors.

* Traditional Ranch - Brick, wood, or stucco siding. Hipped or gabled roof. Wide overhanging eaves. Picture windows. Sliding glass doors. Box, cubic, L or U-shaped layout. Simple floor plan. Attached garage. Minimal ornamentation.

* Contemporary Style - Simple ornamentation on siding, focuses on natural elements: stone, brick, wood. Steep and high hip roof. Large windows, sometimes floor to ceiling. Irregularly shaped layout. Open floor plan, natural light. Bold geometric shapes. Local or recycled building materials. Eco-friendly.

WINDOW TYPES
* Single Hung - Bottom window panel or lower sash moves up and down while the upper sash remains stationary. When open, upper sash is covered on the inside.
* Double Hung - Lower sash and upper sash move up and down, usually tilt out for easy cleaning.
* Arched - Windows with rounded tops, do not open or close, often installed above standard windows.
* Awning - Ideal for rainy climates, window opens from below and swings outward to create water-resistant awning.
* Bay - Protrude from exterior wall and create small shelf in the building. Flat on angled frames.
* Bow - Curved windows, create a circular area along the outside of the home.
* Casement - Swim out to the side or up top to open. Constructed of solid glass, offered unobstructed view.
* Egress - Designed to serve as an escape route when exit through a door is infeasible.
* Garden - Mini bay windows, act like small greenhouses that protrude from the inside of the building.
* Glass Block - Accents to increase light flow, typically frosted or adorned
with patterned designs. Ideal for bathrooms, basements, or other private spaces.
* Hopper - Open from the top, crank open to tip down. Efficient in compact spaces, commonly found in basements and bathrooms.
* Jalousie - Feature many different slats of metal or glass, open like a set of blinds. When the lever is cranked the slats tilt to the side, creating a gap for air to flow through.
* Picture - Fixed windows, cannot be opened. Large without breaks or visible frames, resulting in an unobstructed view.
* Round Circle - Round, half-round, elliptical, or oval, designed to add architectural interest. A nod to historical Victorian or Gothic structures.
* Skylight - Adds natural light to rooms, installed into the roof, functions similarly to a roof vent.
* Sliding - Two sections made from a single window, one slides horizontally over the other to open or close.
* Storm - Exterior windows, install into the same frame as existing windows. Add a layer to block out drafts or heat loss.
* Transom - Decorative accent windows, break up space or add unique design focal points. Often installed above doors or above other windows in upscale homes. Often semi-circle, can be square or rectangular as well.
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